Effect of Pre-Kindgarten Education on Language as Measured by the Preschool Language Scale--Fourth Edition
So, Ryan Y.
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Socioeconomic status has a major effect on a child’s learning and development. Children of low socioeconomic status often have lower abilities than peers of higher socioeconomic status (U.S. Department of Education, 2007a; 2007b). The Head Start program was designed to reverse the negative effects of low socioeconomic status. The present study uses the Preschool Language Scale—Fourth Edition to compare the expressive and receptive language of three groups of kindergartners: those who attended a Head Start facility (HS+), qualified for Head Start but did not attend (HS-), did not qualify for Head Start due to income (NQ). One-Way ANOVAs comparing groups’ expressive and receptive language were statistically significant. Lastly correlations were run language and items from a parent survey, and maternal education, pre-kindergarten education, household income, and number of times moved before kindergarten were correlated with expressive and receptive language.